Anyone who is supposed to deal with the strange meets ambivalent. On the one hand, people become curious or fascinated. On the other hand, there is the possibility of feeling fear. The foreign becomes a projection surface. Desires and attributions meet reality. This balance also awakens the desire to travel and get to know new things. Confronting the unknown can also lead to fears and aggression. But the foreign does not exist. A popular German comedian once has said: the stranger is only strange for another stranger. That describes very precisely that there is no such thing as being strange as all people are different and strange in their own ways. It only arises in the context of the respective environment.
Fascination Or Fear?
An ascription that people find strange is foreign. This construction applies particularly to the membership of groups, ethnic groups or states. Anyone who perceives a difference to himself in a familiar world tends to emphasize the difference. They also try to dramatize it. To understand this process and to prevent its consequences, it is necessary to reflect on it. What is home, and what is foreignness? Who is it, and who is not? What are the reasons for that? Why do people find some strange things exciting and are afraid of other odd things?
Enrichment Or Threat?
Society is heterogeneous in every way these days. You can see that diversity as a great asset or a threat. This great togetherness and the clash of different value systems lead to tension. Education can counteract this. If a society is continually evolving, it needs justice and solidarity. That affects not only the generations but also nationalities, religions and ethnic groups. They form a foundation for dealing with future challenges—children have to learn the acceptance and the correct handling of the foreign.
Promote Skills And Critical Thinking
Those who acquire this competence are ready for the future. Numerous teaching materials offer a good opportunity for this. They allow the students to recognize the positive aspects of something strange and to overcome their fears. You can promote that with activities and methods, as well as with didactic impulses. The diverse techniques and forms of teaching and learning promote a wide variety of skills. These include social skills, personal skills, and technical and methodological skills. They help to develop the skills for networked thinking.
Critical assessment, dealing with the pluralism of values and questioning stereotypes provide support. A change of perspective and the recognition of scope for action broadens the learner’s horizons. The aim is not to convey the correct attitude, but rather a critical approach to attitudes. You should not develop newly acquired skills in isolation. On the contrary, it is essential to link these with each other. It is also crucial to weight them depending on the situation with methods like role play. Sociometric exercises, group work, and the planning and execution of actions can teach these skills well.